What is dandruff
As skin grows, epidermal cells are pushed outward where they eventually die and flake off the body. In most people, these flakes of skin are too small to be visible. However, certain conditions cause cell turnover to be unusually rapid, especially common in the scalp. In people with dandruff, skin cells may die and be replaced about once every two weeks, as opposed to around once a month in healthy people. The result is that dead skin cells are shed in large clumps, which appear as small, unsightly white or grayish patches on the scalp.
The most common cause of dandruff is probably the fungus Malassezia furfur. This fungus is found naturally on the skin surface of both healthy people and those with dandruff. The fungus likes fat, and is consequently found most on skin areas with many sebaceous glands: on the scalp, face and upper part of the body. Changes in the climate, diet, hormonal changes and stress can affect the production of oil in the skin. Oily skin provides an ideal growth medium for the fungus. When Malassezia furfur grows too rapidly, the natural renewal of cells is disturbed, accelerating the exfoliation of dead cells, resulting in dandruff and itching. Other fungi may have a similar role in causing dandruff, as may certain bacteria.
There is speculation that dandruff is linked with hair loss, as dandruff may indicate an unhealthy scalp.
Dandruff can in some cases be linked to poor nutrition particularly deficiencies in the mineral zinc.
Soak fenugreek seeds in the water overnight, make a paste of it in the morning and apply it on the hair with curd. Leave this mixture on head for at least half an hour. It helps in getting rid of the dandruff.
Water of boiled neem leaves can also help in getting rid of dandruff.
Always wash your comb, hairbrush and towel with medicated solution in hot water when you have dandruff and never share them with others. Clean your pillow cover or change it everyday, or put a towel on it to cover it while sleeping. Otherwise you could spread dandruff to your family members.